Gynecologic Cytology 101
Diagnostic entities found on the Pap test. For additional information, please see
Bethesda System Web Atlas.
Negative for Intraepithelial Lesions or Malignancy (NILM)
Common Infectious Diseases
Herpes simplex virus
Abnormal (precancerous) Lesions
Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance (ASC-US)
Atypical Squamous Cells cannot rule out a High-grade Lesion (ASC-H)
Low-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (LSIL)
High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion (HSIL)
Squamous cell carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma, endocervical type
Adenocarcimona, endometrial type
Adenocarcinoma, ovarian type
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Kurman RJ, ed. Blaustein’s Pathology of the Female Genital Tract, 6th ed. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 2001.
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McClatchey KD, ed. Clinical Laboratory Medicine, 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
Solomon D, Nayar R. The Bethesda System for Reporting Cervical Cytology: Definitions, Criteria and Explanatory Notes, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 2004.
Wilbur DC, Henry MR. College of American Pathologists Practical Guide to Gynecologic Cytopathology: Morphology, Management and Molecular Methods. Chicago, IL: College of American Pathologists; 2008.
American Cancer Society. Cervical Cancer. www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical cancer (accessed 11/22/13)
American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists. www.acog.org (accessed 11/22/13)